Guide to Carpet Plants for Aquariums. Benefits, Types, and Care

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  • Post published:September 30, 2022
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An aquarium with a carpet of green plants looks impressive in your sight. It beautifies and enhances your tank look. Carpet plants are considered the lawns of your tank. Carpet plants are for aquariums, filling the space and providing the best environment for animals. In addition, such plants give oxygen and provide water-filtering properties to your tank.

Also, read; How to keep the best aquarium carpet plants

If anyone of you wants to plant carpet plants for aquariums, then he must have knowledge and equipment about them. However, you don’t have to miss the chance to find the best carpet plants for your aquarium. In this article, I will tell you which carpet plants are best for your aquarium.

Choosing the best carpet plant for an aquarium is key to beautifying your tank’s look. It is also essential for the health of a tank. Carpet plants need more maintenance and can proliferate. I will tell you about the best carpet plants for aquariums and how to care for them.

What are carpet plants?

What are carpet plants?

The plants present at the substrate level of the aquarium and are established happily are known as carpet plants. These plants form a green carpet at the base level of your tank. Carpet plants need light, CO2, and water flow. Such plants require a high level of lighting to grow well. A beautiful carpet of aquatic plants grows well and covers the bottom of the tank. Runners spread them with horizontal growth. A dense carpet of small hair grass will need a high level of light, CO2, and most substrate. Most carpet plants spread pretty quickly through runners if the conditions are good.

Carpet plants are best to cover the floor by spreading laterally. Most aquatic plants are grown by rooting in the substrate. The plants like epiphytes and mosses are grown to cover the complex features of your tank.

Benefits of Carpet plants

A carpet plant's benefits

Carpet plants look great, but these plants show significant benefits to your aquarium. These include:

  • Plants use harmful nitrogen from the environment and change them into ammonia and nitrates to grow. As a result, they effectively turn the aquarium into healthy green growth.
  • Carpet plants release oxygen in the water, which is necessary for the animals of water to survive.
  • Carpet plants provide the best habitat for small animals like shrimp to hide, lay their eggs, and deposit them in the ground.

Types of Carpet plants for aquariums

Carpet plants: types and characteristics

If you are looking for carpet plants for your aquarium, there are different types to choose from. The best carpet plants are:

  • Hemianthus callitrichoides
  • Dwarf Sagittaria (Sagittaria subulata)
  • Micranthemum ‘Monte Carlo’
  • Micro sword (Lilaeopsis brasiliensis)
  • Java moss

1) Hemianthus callitrichoides

This is a well-known carpet plant. It is also known as Dwarf Baby Tears. This plant provides the best breeding area for fish. This plant shows thick vegetation when the conditions are appropriate. The fish eggs are safe and hide in the thickness of dwarf plants.

It is difficult to row this miniature plant. So, I recommend this plant to those who can handle its maintenance because it grows speedy and denser. If a person wants to row small fish, he may use this plant as a carpet plant for the aquarium.

2) Dwarf Sagittaria (Sagittaria subulata)

Dwarf Sagittaria is the best and safe carpet specie. If you are new, it’s an excellent plant to plant in a tank and start with. Sagittaria is the best plant to grow, and its care is not so complicated. Sagittaria is a pretty good plant that can grow in any water condition. It can withstand pH and temperature changes at a wide range.

This plant develops well if you give it the right amount of light and fertilizer. Dwarf Sagittaria develops more in low light intensity. If you plant a short plant, you can shed more light on it. CO2 is necessary for its better view.

3) Micranthemum ‘Monte Carlo’

This one is a newer carpet plant that attracts attraction for fishermen. Such plants have round leaves and look different from other carpet plants. However, they are not tough to handle and grow.

CO2 is needed for this plant. You have to give proper light to this carpet plant. It can grow in low light. The water temperature should be about 68 to 72 degrees for better growth.

4) Micro sword (Lilaeopsis brasiliensis)

Another ground plant for your aquarium is Lilaeopsis brasiliens is. These are the best plants and are known as Brazilian plants. They are pretty popular among the others.


This plant requires high light to develop well. Therefore, you have to give LED light to this plant to satisfy its need. The tank temperature should be 70 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit; otherwise, the plant will die. In addition, it could be given adequate substrate, fertilizer, and CO2 for proper and better growth.

5) Java moss

Java moss is the best-known carpet plant for aquariums. This specie has more variety, and it is challenging. Its setup in any tank looks fantastic. This is the best choice for everyone, whether he is a beginner or an experienced tank owner. The best thing about this carpet plant is that it can grow in every tank condition and doesn’t die quickly. It doesn’t need any substrate but can grow on driftwood and rocks.

Java moss grows fast. Let the plant not out of your hand because this plant will grow more and would not be handled. Don’t let the trim parts of your plant float in the tank; otherwise, they will cause the moss plant to grow.

Due to its fast growth, some fish might eat this plant. Therefore, this one is extra food for your pets. If you feel trouble with its heavy growth, then trim this plant in a better way. Otherwise, the plant will regain its growth.

Java Moss looks great in carpeting, but it should be pruned lightly. However, its maintenance is a little bit difficult, but it can be handled. Java moss doesn’t require any specific condition for its growth. However, it can grow in every climate and every type of light. Therefore, precise temperature and pH are unnecessary for this plant’s growth. The only condition that is required for its growth is clean water.

How to choose the right plant for your aquarium?

Aquarium plants: how do you choose the right ones?

If you are thinking about choosing the best carpet plant for aquariums, you have come to the right place to find its answer. The essential points that should be kept in mind while choosing the best carpet plant are

  • Tank size
  • Light intensity
  • The place of aquarium settings.
  • Temperature
  • Water type

When you put plants in the aquarium, use the tall plants in the background to hide all the cords, the medium plants at the center, and the low-growing plants at the ground level of the aquarium.

Freshwater plants should be used for aquariums like Anubias, Lily-Like, and Vallisneria. These are the best plants for small aquariums because they are adaptable to water conditions. Such plants don’t require any harsh conditions for their growth.

How to care for your aquarium plants

  • Aquatic plants grow well after taking 10 to 12 hours of light daily. However, if a plant survives in bright light, it will not compensate for the weak light for a longer time.
  • It’s necessary to create a consistent day-night cycle.
  • Fertilizer is a must for your plant growth; otherwise, the plant will die.
  • Aquatic plants require specific light to grow well.
  • Aquatic plants better live in clean water, providing a living environment for fish in your tank.
  • The nutrients such as potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus are needed for the healthy growth of aquatic plants. If you add these nutrients to the carpeted plants, the algae will not grow in your tank, and its beauty will not be affected.


What are carpeting plants?

Carpeting plants such as pearl grass, pleasing carpeted plants, and grasses are readily available plants to work with. This is because they can be spread into relatively small areas and are separated to form a mat or lawn, known as a ‘carpet.’ The property of plants is a carpet of the tank.

What is the easiest carpeting aquarium plant?

Java moss is one of the easiest carpeting plants to grow and also one of the most adaptable. With many ornaments, Java moss will grow on about any surface, whether gravel, rock, driftwood or even an aquarium.

How does it take for an aquarium plant to grow?

4-6 weeks is the average time it takes for the plant’s roots to develop in the substrate soil. Although, some beginners will keep their start to go for two months until a lush, entire carpet has spread in their tank.


So, if you are interested in carpet plants for your aquariums, it must be kept in mind that few things will prevent your plant growth. Large chunks of rock are not suitable for your plants. So, make sure that the base carpet of the tank is correct to grow plants. For your carpet plants, fertilizers and CO2 are necessary for their well-developed growth. But remember that some plants need to be injected CO2 only if they look brown. If carpeted plants are appropriately pruned, then their growth will be proper. So, carpet plants are best for creating a mini biome of aquatic life.

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